We are upgrading your website experience! Click here for more information.

Top Questions

What are aptamers and why are they growing in popularity?

Aptamers are RNA or DNA oligonucleotides (or peptides) that, through their 3-dimensional structures, bind to specific target molecules with high affinity and specificity. They are often identified using a technique such as SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment), where oligos with increased affinity and specificity to the target molecules are isolated from the sequence pool after several rounds of selection. These molecules can serve as a substitute for antibodies used to identify a specific target. They have similar affinities as antibodies for their targets (Ahmad KM, Oh SS, et al. (2011) PLos ONE, 6(11):e27051), and provide several advantages, including greater stability, easier (large-scale) production, low immunogenicity, and the ability to target molecules with low antigenicity (Jayasena SD (1999) Clin Chem 45(9):1628– 1650).

Like antibodies, aptamers have a broad range of applications, serving as drugs, diagnostic and therapeutic tools, analytic reagents, and bio-imaging molecules. The sequences are often modified to enhance stability during in vitro and in vivo use. Read more about aptamer applications by visiting the IDT publications list under the Support tab at www.idtdna.com.
Tags:
  • SELEX
  • aptamer
Product Support Topics