What are the ideal storage conditions for promoting long term oligo stability?
For long term oligo storage, temperature is the most important factor to consider. For long term storage, whether oligos are dried down, or resuspended in non-DEPC treated water or TE buffer (10 mM Tris pH 8.0, 0.1 mM EDTA; such as IDTE), we recommend that you store your oligos at –20°C.
For 4°C storage, oligos are stable for at least 60 weeks when stored dry, or resuspended in non-DEPC treated water or TE buffer (10 mM Tris pH 8.0, 0.1 mM EDTA; such as IDTE).
It is also important to note that for DNA oligos, an acidic pH can induce depurination, therefore maintaining a neutral pH is important. For RNA oligos a neutral pH is also important, as basic pH buffers can induce RNA breakdown.
Please see the DECODED, Storing oligos: 7 things you should know, for data on oligonucleotide storage and a more thorough explanation.