- Near complete coverage—cover all 9 variable regions of the 16S rRNA gene available as a single primer pool
- Integrated library normalization—enables streamlined library balancing and pooling process without the need to quantify samples
- xGen 16S amplicon chemistry—generates diverse clusters without PhiX or phased primers, recovering >20% of reads
- Customizable—add in additional targets including antibiotic resistance or virulence genes
- Time saving—Single tube, go from cDNA-to-normalized- library-pool in 3 hours
Targeted DNA sequencing methods allow for the interrogation of specific regions of the genome so that researchers can obtain information about the genetic regions they care about the most. One commonly employed targeted DNA sequencing approach is amplicon-based sequencing. Amplicons are DNA products generated by PCR, pooled, and then sequenced. Typically, this method employs multiplexed primer pairs designed to amplify multiple regions of interest followed by NGS (next generation sequencing).
This method allows for multiplexing of samples where hundreds of amplicons can be determined simultaneously, therefore it can effectively cover large genomic regions.
Amplicon sequencing benefits these areas of research:
- Identification of rare variants
- Identification of hot-spot mutations
- CRISPR genome editing confirmation
- Oncology and virology
- Whole genome sequencing confirmation
This ultra-high multiplexed PCR approach allows flexibility for a wide range of experimental designs while helping to reduce costs and workflow time. It is also particularly useful for the discovery of rare somatic mutations in complex samples (e.g., tumors mixed with germline DNA) and hard to sequence areas (i.e., GC-rich regions).
For an in-depth discussion on this method, see our Amplicon sequencing technical overview.
xGen 16S rRNA gene sequencing workflow
The xGen 16S Amplicon Panel v2, enables library construction from DNA using tiled primer pairs to target the V1-V9 variable rRNA gene regions (Figure 1). The xGen 16S Amplicon Panel v2 facilitates the analysis of complex microbial communities (e.g., bacteria, archaea) using a single primer pool.
The xGen 16S Amplicon Panel v2 utilizes multiple overlapping amplicons in a single tube, using a rapid, 2-hour workflow to prepare ready-to-sequence libraries. IDT’s PCR1+PCR2 workflow generates reliable libraries, even from low input quantities (Figure 2). Then libraries can optionally be normalized enzymatically with the xGen Normalase™ technology, which is included with the xGen 16S Amplicon Panel v2. This integrated normalization step can save time and resources.
The xGen Amplicon panels can also be customized for additional targets including antibiotic resistance or virulence genes, allowing sub-genera level identification and functional analysis. Further, IDT offers the predesigned xGen ITS1 Amplicon Panel for the characterization of fungi.
The sequences generated with the xGen 16S Amplicon Panel v2 can be processed and analyzed using the recommendation in the IDT Primerclip-A Tool for Trimming Primer Sequences Application Note and 16S SNAP APP-An automated pipeline for community analysis using multiple 16S rRNA variable regions tools, further streamlining your amplicon based sequencing workflow.